London Heathrow Airport or Heathrow (IATA: LHR, ICAO: EGLL), located in the London Borough of Hillingdon, is the largest and busiest airport in the United Kingdom. It is the second busiest airport in the world in terms of total passenger traffic and it handles more international passengers than any other airport in the world. It is also the busiest airport in the European Union in terms of passenger traffic and the second busiest in terms of traffic movements, second to Paris CDGairport in Paris, France  . The airport is owned and operated by BAA, who also own and operate five other UK airports , and is itself owned by ADI Limited, an international consortium, which includes Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québecand GIC Special Investments, that is led by the Spanish Ferrovial Group  . Heathrow is the primary hub for BMI, British Airways and Virgin Atlantic Airways.
Located 12 nautical miles (22 km; 14 mi) west  of Central London, Heathrow has two parallel main runways spanning east-to-west and five operational terminals. The site covers 12.14 square kilometres (4.69 sq mi). Terminal 5 was officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II on 14 March 2008 and opened to passengers on 27 March 2008. Construction of a new Terminal 2 complex to replace the terminal building and adjacent Queen's Building began in 2009; the first phase is expected to open in 2014  . Terminals 3 and 4 underwent major refurbishments that began in 2007 and were completed in 2009. In November 2007 a consultation process began for the building of a new third runway and a sixth terminal and it was controversially  approved on 15 January 2009 by UK Government ministers  .
Heathrow Airport has a CAA Public Use Aerodrome Licence (Number P527) that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction  .Contents:
3. Heathrow today
4. Terminals, airlines and destinations
5. Traffic and statistics
7. Accidents and incidents
8. Future expansion
9. See also
11. External links
|London Heathrow Airport|
|Heathrow Terminal 5 building|
|IATA: LHR - ICAO: EGLL |
Location of airport in Greater London
|Operator||Heathrow Airport Limited|
|Elevation AMSL||83 ft / 25 m|
|Coordinates|| / 51.4775°N 0.46139°W|
|Based Aircraft||~252|
|Sources: UK AIP at NATS |
Statistics from the UK Civil Aviation Authority 
Heathrow is located 12 NM (22 km; 14 mi) west  of central London, near the southern end of the London Borough of Hillingdon. The airport stands on a parcel of land that was designated part of the London Metropolitan Green Belt. To the north, the airport is surrounded by the built-up areas of Harlington, Harmondsworth, Longford and Cranford. To the east areHounslow and Hatton, and to the south are East Bedfont and Stanwell. To the west, the M25 motorway separates the airport from Colnbrook in Berkshire.
The airport's location to the west of London, and the east-west orientation of its runways, means that airliners usually approach to land directly over the city. Other leading European airports, such as those at Madrid, Frankfurt and Paris, are located north or south of their cities, to minimise the overflying problem. Another disadvantage of the site is that it is low-lying, at 83 feet (25 m) above sea level, and can be prone to fog.
Heathrow is one of six airports serving the London area, along with Biggin Hill, Gatwick, Stansted, Luton, Southend and Cityalthough only Heathrow, Biggin Hill and City Airports are located within Greater London.
2. 1. Before 1930
- Before aviation started, Heathrow was a hamlet, a row of isolated cottages on Hounslow Heath, formerly frequented by highwaymen, approximately where Terminal 3 now is  .
- World War I: Aviation began where Heathrow Airport is now, when fields southeast of Heathrow hamlet were turned into a military airfield.
2. 2. 1930s and 1940s
- 1930s: By now the airfield, then known as the Great Western Aerodrome, was privately owned by the Fairey Aviation Company, and was used for aircraft assembly and testing  . Commercial traffic used Croydon Airport, which was London's main airport at the time.
- 1943: Heathrow came under the control of the Air Ministry, to be developed as a Royal Air Force transfer station  .
- 1944: Construction of runways began, on land originally acquired from the vicar of Harmondsworth. The new airport was built by Wimpey Construction  , much enlarging the prewar airfield, and Heathrow hamlet was demolished to make room for it. The Royal Air Force never used the airport.
- 1 January 1946: Control was transferred to the Ministry of Civil Aviation. The first civil flight that day was to Buenos Aires, via Lisbon for refuelling.
- 25 March 1946: The official opening ceremony was performed by Lord Winster, the Minister of Aviation, the first aircraft to use the new airport being a British South American Airways (BSAA) Avro Lancastrian.
- 16 April 1946: A Panair Lockheed L-049 Constellation landed after a flight from Rio de Janeiro, the first aircraft of a foreign airline to land at Heathrow.
- 28 May 1946: The first BOAC scheduled flight departed for Australia. This route was operated as a joint route withQantas  .
- 31 May 1946: The airport opened fully for civilian use.
- 1947: By now Heathrow had three runways, with three more under construction. These older runways, built for thepiston-engined planes of that era, were each slightly longer than a mile, arranged in a ✡ pattern to allow for all wind conditions. The temporary "prefab" passenger and cargo buildings were located at the northeast edge of the airport, just south of Bath Road.
2. 3. 1950s and 1960s
- 1953: The first slab of the first modern runway was ceremonially placed by Queen Elizabeth II.
- 1955: Queen Elizabeth II opened the first permanent terminal building, the Europa Building (now known as Terminal 2).
- 1 April 1955: A new 38.8-metre (127 ft) control tower designed by Frederick Gibberd was opened, replacing the original RAF control tower.
- 13 November 1961: The Oceanic Terminal (renamed as Terminal 3 in 1968) opened, to handle flight departures for long-haul routes  . At this time the airport had a direct helicopter service from central London; there were also public viewing facilities and gardens on the roof of the Europa Building 
- 1968: Terminal 1 was opened, completing the cluster of buildings at the centre of the airport site. By now Heathrow was handling 14 million passengers annually. The location of the original terminals in the centre of the site has since become a constraint to expansion. They were put there because people assumed early that airline passengers would not need extensive car parking, as air travel was then only affordable to the wealthy, who would often be chauffeur-driven  .
- Late 1960s: A 160 acres (0.65 km2) cargo terminal was built to the south of the southern runway, connected to Terminals 1, 2 and 3 by a tunnel.
2. 4. 1970s to 1990s
- 1970: Terminal 3 was expanded with the addition of an arrivals building. Other facilities were also added, including the UK's first moving walkways  . Heathrow's two main runways, 09L-27R and 09R-27L, were also extended to their current lengths in order to accommodate new large jets such as the Boeing 747. The other runways were closed to facilitate terminal expansions, except for Runway 23, which was preserved for crosswind landings until 2002.
- 1977: The London Underground Piccadilly Line was extended from Hounslow West via Hatton Cross to Heathrow, connecting the airport with Central London in just under an hour.
- 23 June 1998: Heathrow Express started operating, providing a direct rail service to London's Paddington station, via a specially-constructed line between the airport and the Great Western Main Line.
- Early 1980s: By now continued growth in passenger numbers to 30 million annually led to the need for more terminal space. Terminal 4 was constructed to the south of the southern runway, next to the existing cargo terminal, and away from the three older terminals. It was connected with Terminals 1, 2 and 3 by the already-existing Heathrow Cargo Tunnel.
- August 1982: The "Airport Spur" section of the M4 was opened to give the airport a direct link with the motorway and provide motorway access to airport users from as far away as the West Country and South Wales.
- 1986: The M25 motorway was completed as the London Orbital Motorway giving a direct motorway link to much of the rest of the country .
- April 1986: Terminal 4 was opened by the Prince and Princess of Wales, and became the home for the newly-privatised British Airways.
- 1987: The UK government privatised the British Airports Authority (now known as "BAA Limited") which controls Heathrow  and six other UK airports  .
- 1980s and 1990s: Since privatisation, BAA have expanded the proportion of terminal space allocated to retailing activities, and has invested in the development of retail activity. This has included expanding terminal areas to provide more shops and restaurants, and routing passengers through shopping areas, to maximise their exposure to retail offerings.
3. Heathrow today
Heathrow Airport is used by over 90 airlines which fly to 170 destinations worldwide. The airport is the primary hub of BMI, British Airways and Virgin Atlantic Airways.
Of Heathrow's 67 million annual passengers, 11% travel to UK destinations, 43% are short-haul international travellers, and 46% are long-haul. The busiest single destination in terms of passenger numbers is New York, with over 3.7 million passengers travelling between Heathrow and JFK / Newark airports in 2008  and 3.5 million in 2009.  The airport has five passenger terminals (Terminals 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5) and a cargo terminal. Terminal 5 opened to passengers on 27 March 2008 and will be fully completed with the opening of its second satellite building in 2010. 
Heathrow originally had six runways, arranged in three pairs at different angles, with the passenger terminal in the centre. With growth in the required length for runways, Heathrow now has just two parallel runways running east-west. Runway 23, a short runway for use in strong south-westerly winds, was decommissioned in 2005 and now forms part of a taxiway.
In 2006, the new £105 million Pier 6 was completed at Terminal 3  in order to accommodate the Airbus A380superjumbo, providing four new aircraft stands. Other modifications totalling in excess of £340 million  were also carried out across the airfield in readiness for the Airbus A380. The first A380 test flight into Heathrow took place on 18 May 2006 , but following delays to the aircraft's production, scheduled services did not commence from Heathrow until 18 March 2008, when Singapore Airlines Flight 380, the first A380 in passenger service, registered 9V-SKA of Singapore Airlinestouched down from Singapore carrying 470 passengers, marking the first ever European commercial flight by the Airbus A380  .
A new 87-metre (285 ft) high £50 million air traffic control tower entered service on 21 April 2007, and was officially opened on 13 June 2007 by Secretary of State for Transport Douglas Alexander.
Policing of the airport is the responsibility of the aviation security unit of the Metropolitan Police, although the army, including armoured vehicles of the Household Cavalry, has occasionally been deployed to the airport during periods of heightened security. Heathrow's reputation for thefts has led to it sometimes being referred to as 'Thiefrow'  .
Heathrow Airport has Anglican, Catholic, Free Church of Scotland, Hindu, Jewish, Muslim and Sikh chaplains. There is a multi-faith prayer room and counselling room in each terminal, in addition to St. George's Interdenominational Chapel which is located in an underground bunker adjacent to the old control tower, where Christian services take place. The chaplains organise and lead prayers at certain times in the prayer room.
Heathrow airport has its own resident press corps, consisting of six photographers and one TV crew, serving all the major newspapers and television stations around the world  .
3. 1. Operations
Aircraft destined for Heathrow usually enter its airspace via one of four main reporting points: Bovingdon (BNN) overHertfordshire, Lambourne (LAM) over Essex, Biggin Hill (BIG) over Bromley and Ockham (OCK) over Surrey  . Each is defined by a VOR radio-navigational beacon. When the airport is busy, aircraft will orbit in the associated holds. These reporting points/holds lie respectively to the north-west, north-east, south-east and south-west of the London conurbation.
Air traffic controllers at Heathrow Approach Control (based in Swanwick, Hampshire) then guide the aircraft to their final approach, merging aircraft from the four holds into a single stream of traffic, sometimes as close as 2.5 nautical miles (4.6 km; 2.9 mi) apart. Considerable use is made of continuous descent approach techniques to minimise the environmental effects of incoming aircraft, particularly at night  . Once an aircraft is established on its final approach, control is handed over to Heathrow Tower.
Because aircraft generate significantly more noise on departure than when landing, there is a preference for westerly operations during daytime operations  . In this mode aircraft depart towards the west and approach from the east over London, thereby minimising the impact of noise on the most densely populated areas. Heathrow's two runways generally operate in segregated mode whereby arriving aircraft are allocated to one runway and departing aircraft to the other. To further reduce noise nuisance to people beneath the approach and departure routes, the use of runways 27R and 27L is swapped at 3 pm each day if the wind is from the west. When easterly landings are in progress there is no alternation; 09L remains the landing runway and 09R the departure runway due to the Cranford Agreement. Occasionally landings are allowed on the nominated departure runway, to help reduce airborne delays and to position landing aircraft closer to their terminal, thus reducing taxi times.
Night-time flights at Heathrow are subject to restrictions. Between 23:00 and 07:00 the noisiest aircraft (rated QC/8 and QC/16) cannot be scheduled to operate at all. In addition, between 23:30 and 06:00 (the night quota period) there are three limits:
- A limit on the number of flights allowed;
- A quota count system which limits the total amount of noise permitted, but allows operators to choose to operate fewer noisy aircraft or a greater number of quieter planes  ;
- A voluntary ban on QC/4 aircraft.
3. 2. Regulation
Further information: Landing slots
As BAA own London's three major airports  and therefore have a monopolistic position, the amount it is allowed to charge airlines to land aeroplanes at Heathrow is heavily regulated by the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA). Until 1 April 2003, the annual increase in landing charge per passenger was capped at inflation minus 3%. From 2003 to 2007, charges increased by inflation plus 6.5% per year, taking the fee to £9.28 per passenger in 2007. In March 2008, the CAA announced that the charge would be allowed to increase by 23.5% to £12.80 from 1 April 2008, and by inflation plus 7.5% for each of the following four years  .
In addition, air traffic between Heathrow and the United States was strictly governed by the countries' bilateral Bermuda IItreaty. The treaty originally allowed only British Airways, Pan Am and TWA to fly from Heathrow to the US. In 1991, PAA and TWA sold their rights to United Airlines and American Airlines respectively and Virgin Atlantic was added to the list of airlines allowed to operate on these routes. In 2002, American Airlines and British Airways announced plans to coordinate the scheduling of their trans-Atlantic routes but plans were dropped after the United States Department of Transportation made approval conditional on the granting of further access slots to Heathrow to other US airlines. American Airlines and British Airways considered the slots too valuable and dropped the plans  . The Bermuda bilateral agreement conflicted with the Right of Establishment of the United Kingdom in terms of its membership in the EU, and as a consequence the UK was ordered to drop the agreement in 2004. A new "open skies" agreement was signed by the United States and the European Union on 30 April 2007 and came into effect on 30 March 2008.
Whilst the cost of landing at Heathrow is determined by the CAA and BAA, the allocation of landing slots to airlines is carried out by Airport Co-ordination Limited (ACL).
Heathrow's facilities were originally designed to accommodate 55 million passengers annually according to BAA. With numbers currently approaching 70 million the airport has become crowded and subject to delays, for which it has been criticised in recent years  , and in 2007 the airport was voted the world's least favourite alongside Chicago O'Hare in aTripAdvisor survey  , However, the opening of Terminal 5 in 2008 has relieved some pressure on terminal facilities, increasing the airport's terminal capacity to 90 million passengers a year.
With only two runways operating at over 98% of their capacity, Heathrow has little room for more flights, although the increasing use of larger aircraft such as the Airbus A380 will allow some increase in passenger numbers. It is difficult for existing airlines to obtain landing slots to enable them to increase their services from the airport, or for new airlines to start operations  . In order to increase the number of flights, BAA have proposed using the existing two runways in 'mixed mode' whereby aircraft would be allowed to take-off and land on the same runway  . This would increase the airport's capacity from its current 480,000 movements per year to as many as 550,000 according to British Airways CEO Willie Walsh  . BAA have also proposed building a third runway to the north of the airport, which would significantly increase traffic capacity (see Future expansion below)  .
However with passenger traffic at Charles de Gaulle growing by 5.8% to 59.3 million during the 12 months to September 2007, compared with Heathrow's fall of 0.4% to 67.6 million during the same period  , it is possible that CDG - with its four runways operating at only 73.5% capacity - could overtake Heathrow by 2010  .
4. Terminals, airlines and destinations
4. 1. Terminals
4. 1. 1. Terminal 1
Main article: London Heathrow Terminal 1
Terminal 1 was opened in 1968 and was formally opened by Queen Elizabeth II in May 1969  . In 2005, a substantial redesign and redevelopment of the terminal was completed, which saw the opening of the new Eastern Extension, doubling the departure lounge in size and creating additional seating and retail space. The terminal has an area of 74,601m2. It is home to Heathrow's second largest carrier, bmi, and airlines belonging to the Star Alliance. It is set to be closed and demolished around 2013/14  to enable the construction of the second phase of the new Terminal 2, scheduled for completion in 2019.
4. 1. 2. Terminal 2 (closed for rebuilding)
Heathrow's next major project will be the construction of a vast, new Terminal 2, of which the first phase will cover an area of 180,000m2. This new home for Star Alliance carriers is expected to open in 2014. A second phase, replacing Terminal 1, will open in 2019  .
The construction of the new terminal envisages a complete realignment of piers more logically and the building of new ones on the now defunct cross-wind runway, in a site taking up roughly the same amount of space as Terminal 5. Formerly Heathrow East, the core terminal building (half of which will be built as phase one and half as phase two) will be known as Terminal 2A, and there will be two satellite buildings named Terminal 2B and Terminal 2C. Terminal 2B has been under construction since 2008. It is set to provide Heathrow with 16 additional stands and will be connected via an underground link to the main terminal building. Terminal 2C will be built as part of the second phase of the development.
The entire project will, when completed, have a capacity of 30 million passengers a year and will cost £1-1.5bn. The new Terminal 2 will produce 40 per cent less carbon dioxide than the buildings it is replacing. Large north-facing windows in the roof will flood the building with natural light, reducing the need for artificial lighting without generating uncomfortable levels of heat in the building. Solar-gathering panels on the roof will further reduce the dependency on energy supplies. Additionally a new energy centre, partially fuelled by renewable resources, will provide heating and cooling for the building.
The building previously known as Terminal 2 had been Heathrow's oldest terminal, opening as the Europa Building in 1955, and closing on 23 November 2009  ; the last flight to depart was Air France flight AF1881 to Paris. It had an area of 49,654m2 and saw 316 million passengers pass through its doors. It was originally designed to handle around 1.2 million passengers annually, but in its final years of operation it was often accommodating around 8 million passengers. Despite the best efforts of maintenance staff and various renovations and upgrades over the years, the building was becoming increasingly decrepit and unserviceable. It is now in the advanced stages of being stripped out and prepared for demolition. The removal of the adjacent Queen's Building is now complete and this vacant site will be subsumed into the project.
4. 1. 3. Terminal 3
Terminal 3 was opened as The Oceanic Terminal on 13 November 1961 to handle flight departures for long-haul routes  . At this time the airport had a direct helicopter service to Central London from the gardens on the roof of the terminal building. The Oceanic Terminal was renamed as Terminal 3 in 1968 and was expanded in 1970 with the addition of an arrivals building. Other facilities were also added, including the UK's first moving walkways. In 2006, the new £105 million Pier 6 was completed  in order to accommodate the Airbus A380 superjumbo; Singapore Airlines, Emirates and Qantas now operate regular flights from Terminal 3 using the Airbus A380. Terminal 3 has an area of 98, 962m2. Redevelopment of Terminal 3's forecourt by the addition of a new four lane drop-off area and a large pedestrianised plaza, complete with canopy to the front of the terminal building was completed in 2007; these improvements were intended to improve passengers' experiences, reduce traffic congestion and improve security. As part of this project, Virgin Atlantic were assigned their own dedicated check-in area, known as 'Zone A', which features a large sculpture and atrium. BAA also have plans for a £1bn upgrade of the rest of the terminal over the next ten years which includes the renovation of aircraft piers and the arrivals forecourt. A new baggage system which connects to Terminal 5 (for British Airways connections) is currently under construction. In addition to the baggage system, the baggage claim hall is also set to undergo changes with dedicated A380 belts and hope of improving design and layout of the area  .
4. 1. 4. Terminal 4
Main article: London Heathrow Terminal 4
First opened in 1986, Terminal 4 is situated to the south of the southern runway next to the cargo terminal, and is connected to Terminals 1, 2 and 3 by the Heathrow Cargo Tunnel. The terminal has an area of 105,481m2. Now home to the SkyTeamalliance as well as some unaffiliated carriers, it has recently undergone a £200m upgrade to enable it to accommodate 45 airlines. The forecourt has been upgraded to reduce traffic congestion and improve security. An extended check-in area and renovated piers and departure lounges have been delivered, two new stands to accommodate the Airbus A380 have been constructed, and a new baggage system has been installed  .
4. 1. 5. Terminal 5
Main article: London Heathrow Terminal 5
Terminal 5 is situated between the northern and southern runways at the western end of the Heathrow site, and was opened by Queen Elizabeth II on 14 March 2008  some nineteen years after its inception. It opened for passenger use on 27 March 2008. The first two weeks of the terminal's operation were disrupted by a number of problems with the terminal's IT systems, coupled with insufficient testing and staff training, which caused over 500 flights to be cancelled  . Terminal 5 is exclusively used by British Airways as their global hub.
Built at a cost of £4.3 billion, the new terminal consists of a four storey main terminal building (Concourse A) and two satellite buildings linked to the main terminal by an underground people mover transit system. The first satellite (Concourse B) includes dedicated aircraft stands for the Airbus A380; Concourse C is currently under construction and scheduled to open in early 2011. In total, Terminal 5 has an area of 353,020m2, 60 aircraft stands and capacity for 30 million passengers annually. There are more than 100 shops and restaurants  . A further building, similar in size to Concourse C, may yet be constructed to the East of the existing site, providing another 16 stands. This is likely to become a priority if British Airways' merger with Iberia proceeds, since both airlines will want to be accommodated at Heathrow under one roof in order to maximise the cost savings that the merger envisages.
The transport network around the airport has been extended to cope with the increase in passenger numbers. A dedicatedmotorway spur has been built from the M25 between junctions 14 and 15 to the terminal, which includes a 3,800 space multi-storey car park. A more distant long-stay car park for business passengers will be linked to the terminal by a personal rapid transit system, which will become operational in late Spring 2010  . New branches of both the Heathrow Expressand the Underground's Piccadilly Line serve a new shared Heathrow Terminal 5 station.
4. 1. 6. Terminal 6 and Runway 3
Main article: Expansion of London Heathrow Airport
4. 2. Airlines and destinations
|Aer Lingus||Belfast-International, Cork, Dublin, Shannon||1|
|Air Canada||Calgary, Edmonton, Halifax, Montréal-Trudeau, Ottawa, St. John's [seasonal; resumes 28 May], Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver||3|
|Air France||Paris-Charles de Gaulle||4|
|Air France operated byAirlinair||Paris-Charles de Gaulle [seasonal]||4|
|Air India||Amritsar, Delhi, Mumbai, Toronto-Pearson||3|
|Air New Zealand||Auckland, Hong Kong, Los Angeles||1|
|Air Seychelles||Mahé, Zürich [ends 15 April] ||4|
|Air Transat||Toronto-Pearson [seasonal]||4|
|All Nippon Airways||Tokyo-Narita||3|
|American Airlines||Boston, Brussels [seasonal], Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, New York-JFK, Raleigh/Durham||3|
|Arik Air||Abuja, Lagos||4|
|Biman Bangladesh Airlines||Dhaka, Dubai||4|
|BMI||Addis Ababa, Almaty, Amman, Baku, Beirut, Belfast-City, Berlin-Tegel, Bishkek, Cairo, Damascus, Dammam, Dublin, Edinburgh, Freetown, Glasgow-International, Jeddah, Khartoum, Manchester, Moscow-Domodedovo, Riyadh, Tbilisi, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Vienna, Yerevan||1|
|BMI operated by|
|Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Glasgow-International, Hanover, Manchester||1|
|British Airways||Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Gibraltar, Helsinki, Lisbon, Madrid, Málaga, Singapore, Sydney, Vienna||3|
|British Airways||Aberdeen, Abu Dhabi, Abuja, Accra, Algiers, Amsterdam, Athens, Atlanta, Bahrain, Baltimore, Bangalore, Basel/Mulhouse, Beijing-Capital, Belgrade, Berlin-Tegel, Boston, Brussels, Bucharest-Henri Coanda, Budapest, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Cairo, Calgary, Cape Town, Chennai, Chicago-O'Hare, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Dar es Salaam, Delhi, Denver, Doha, Dubai, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Entebbe, Frankfurt, Geneva, Glasgow-International, Grand Cayman, Hamburg, Hong Kong, Houston-Intercontinental, Hyderabad, Istanbul-Atatürk, Jeddah, Johannesburg, Kiev-Boryspil, Kuwait, Lagos, Larnaca, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Luanda, Lusaka, Lyon, Manchester, Mauritius, Mexico City, Miami, Milan-Linate, Milan-Malpensa, Montréal-Trudeau, Moscow-Domodedovo, Mumbai, Munich, Muscat, Nairobi, Nassau, New York-JFK, Newark, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nice, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Pisa, Prague, Providenciales, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Riyadh, Rome-Fiumicino, St Petersburg, San Francisco, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai-Pudong, Sofia, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tel Aviv, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Toulouse, Tripoli, Vancouver, Venice-Marco Polo [seasonal], Warsaw, Washington-Dulles, Zürich||5|
|Cathay Pacific Airways||Hong Kong||3|
|China Eastern Airlines||Shanghai-Pudong||4|
|Continental Airlines||Houston-Intercontinental, Newark||4|
|Croatia Airlines||Split, Zagreb||1|
|Cyprus Airways||Larnaca, Paphos||1|
|Cyprus Turkish Airlines||Izmir||3|
|Delta Air Lines||Atlanta, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York-JFK||4|
|El Al||Tel Aviv||1|
|Ethiopian Airlines||Addis Ababa||3|
|Etihad Airways||Abu Dhabi||4|
|EVA Air||Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Taipei-Taoyuan||3|
|Iran Air||Tehran-Imam Khomeini||3|
|Jet Airways||Delhi, Mumbai||4|
|Kingfisher Airlines||Delhi  , Mumbai||4|
|KLM operated byKLM Cityhopper||Amsterdam||4|
|Kuwait Airways||Kuwait, New York-JFK||3|
|LOT Polish Airlines||Warsaw||1|
|Lufthansa||Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Milan-Malpensa, Munich||1|
|Lufthansa operated by BMI||Berlin-Tegel, Cologne/Bonn, Dresden [begins 19 April], Hamburg, Milan-Malpensa||1|
|Lufthansa Regionaloperated byContact Air||Stuttgart||1|
|Lufthansa Regional operated byEurowings||Düsseldorf, Stuttgart||1|
|Lufthansa Regional operated byLufthansa CityLine||Stuttgart||1|
|Malaysia Airlines||Kuala Lumpur||4|
|Middle East Airlines||Beirut||3|
|Pakistan International Airlines||Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Sialkot||3|
|Qantas Airways||Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Hong Kong, Melbourne, Singapore, Sydney||3|
|Royal Air Maroc||Casablanca||4|
|Royal Brunei Airlines||Bandar Seri Begawan, Dubai||4|
|Saudi Arabian Airlines||Dammam, Jeddah, Riyadh||3|
|Scandinavian Airlines||Copenhagen, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stavanger, Stockholm-Arlanda||3|
|South African Airways||Cape Town, Johannesburg||1|
|SriLankan Airlines||Colombo, Malé||4|
|Swiss International Air Lines||Geneva, Zürich||1|
|Swiss operated by BMI||Geneva||1|
|TAM Airlines||São Paulo-Guarulhos||1|
|Thai Airways International||Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi||3|
|United Airlines||Brussels [seasonal], Chicago-O'Hare, Denver [seasonal], Los Angeles, San Francisco, Washington-Dulles||1|
|Virgin Atlantic Airways||Accra [begins 24 May]  , Boston, Cape Town [seasonal], Chicago-O'Hare [seasonal], Delhi, Dubai, Hong Kong, Johannesburg, Lagos, Los Angeles, Mauritius [seasonal], Miami, Nairobi, New York-JFK, Newark, San Francisco, Shanghai-Pudong, Sydney, Tokyo-Narita, Washington-Dulles||3|
|Vueling Airlines||A Coruña, Bilbao, Seville||3|
|Yemenia||Sana'a (suspended until further notice  )||4|